Venus de Von Gagarino, Tambour, Ucarania, ca.22,000 BCE.
The Venus of Hohle Fels, in a cave in Schelklingen, southern Germany, ca.40,000 - 35,000 BCE.
- found in 2008
- mammoth ivory, 2.4 inches tall
- archaeologist: Nicholas J. Conard
- abstract (exaggerated)
- oldest known example of three-dimensional or figurative representation of humans
Venus of Brassempouy, discovered in a cave at Brassempouy, France, ca.23,000 BCE.
- mammoth ivory
- one of the earliest known realistic representations of a human face & hairstyle
Bison with turned head, Madeleine, France, ca. 12,000 BCE.
- constructed out of a reindeer horn
“Chinese Horse,” Lascaux, c. 15,000-13,000 BCE.
Carved Female (“Venus”) figure holding horn with markings, from Laussel, France, ca. 20,000 BCE.
- would have been painted with red-ocher paint
- been suggested that the 13 notches on the ‘horn’ she is holding represent either the number of moons or the number of menstrual cycles in a year (or both)